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Dec 13

Multilateral Ukusa Agreement

The agreement was the result of a 1943 10-page Anglo-American Communication Agreement (BRUSA), which linked the signal interception networks of the British Headquarters for Public Communications (GCHQ) and the US National Security Agency (NSA) at the beginning of the Cold War. March 27, 1946, signed by Colonel Patrick Marr-Johnson for the London Signals Intelligence Board and Lieutenant General Hoyt Vandenberg for the U.S. State-Army-Navy Communication Intelligence Board. Although the original agreement states that trade does not “harm national interests,” the United States has often blocked the exchange of information from Commonwealth countries. The full text of the agreement was made public on 25 June 2010. [9] While the Five Eyes are a very specific agreement with specific operations between the five nations, other non-FVEY sharing agreements have been concluded independently and for specific purposes. According to Edward Snowden, for example, the NSA has a “massive position” called the “Foreign Affairs Directorate” and responsible for the foreign partnership. [80] Due to its secret treaty status, its existence was not known to the Australian Prime Minister until 1973[14] and was not made public until 2005. [13] On 25 June 2010, the full text of the agreement was published for the first time in history by the United Kingdom and the United States and can now be accessed online. [9] [15] Shortly after its publication, the seven-page UKUSA agreement was recognized by Time Magazine as one of the most important documents of the Cold War and of immense historical importance. [13] Homepage – Privacy – Security – What are the countries in the 5 Eyes, 9 Eyes and 14 Eyes Agreements? As Privacy International has explained, there are a number of thematic agreements on secret services, which include some or all of the nations mentioned above and many others, such as:[92][93] The 5 Eyes Alliance is the basis for a vast network of partnerships between SIGINT agencies in Western countries to share information. In almost every area, the NSA is the world`s leading provider of SIGINT, with most SIGINT agreements, whether multilateral, whether 5 eyes or bilateral, focusing on people who have access to NSA data and technologies.

The signatories to the UKUSA agreement are called “second parties” and have the greatest access to NSA data and the closest links with the Authority. Other Western nations, such as NATO members or South Korea, are “third parties.” These agreements are formal bilateral agreements between the NSA and the SIGINT National Agency. Third parties may continue to exchange raw data with the NSA, but they have less access to their database. The “Five Eyes,” often abbreviated as “FVEY,” refer to an intelligence alliance that includes Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States.