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Apr 11

Munich Peace Agreement 1938

Hitler had threatened to start a European war if the Sudetenland, a border region of ethnically majority Czechoslovakia, were not transferred to Germany. The British, French and Itals leaders agreed to the German annexation of the Sudetenland in exchange for a promise of peace from Hitler. Czechoslovakia, which did not participate in the Munich negotiations, agreed under considerable pressure from Britain and France. On August 13, 1938, before the conference, Churchill had written in a letter to David Lloyd George: [99] The Prime Minister had already set out in a message to the Czechoslovakian people on September 30, 1940, the position of Her Majesty`s Government regarding the agreements reached in Munich in 1938. Mr. Churchill then said that the Munich agreement had been destroyed by the Germans. This statement was officially forwarded to Dr. Benes on November 11, 1940. On 22 September, Chamberlain, who wanted to travel to Bad Godesberg for further conversations just before his plane to Germany, told the press who met him there that “my goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the way to that peace.” [32] Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a big reception with a German band that played “God Save the King” and Germans who offered flowers and gifts to Chamberlain. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all Sudetenland without reduction would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler heard, he replied, “Does this mean that the Allies have accepted the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany?”, Chamberlain replied “Exactly,” to which Hitler replied by shaking his head, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient.

He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take them or leave them. [32] Chamberlain was upset by this statement. [32] Hitler added to Chamberlain that the assassination of Germans since his last meeting, 15 Czechoslovakia, of which Hitler was part of the assassination of Germans, made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] In the end, the British people wanted to go to war for the Sudetenland? His answer was “no”: and although there were certainly differences between Chamberlain and his colleagues, with the Foreign Office, which had no real hope that Hitler would be satisfied with a peaceful future, very few were willing to answer “yes” in 1938.